Researchers receive major grant to help improve the energy efficiency of millions of homes in India

A research team led by Professor Rajat Gupta of Oxford Brookes University has secured a major research grant to help support the improvement of living conditions for millions of citizens in India.

The project, entitled Residential building energy demand reduction in India (RESIDE), aims to establish an empirical knowledge base to develop a residential building energy code for high-quality, low-energy housing across all five climatic zones in India.

It has been funded by the UK’s Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), the Economic and Social Science Research Council (ESRC) and the Government of India’s Department of Science and Technology (DST).


Residential buildings make up the majority of building energy use in India - using nearly 6.5 times more  than commercial and public services sector, and consumption is expected to grow four-fold by 2030 due to an ever-increasing GDP, the number of urban households increases, alongside a greater penetration of electrical appliances. This offers tremendous scope and untapped potential for energy demand reduction in this sector – and what the RESIDE project is designed to address.

The four-year research project will receive a grant of £1.5 million from UK’s EPSRC and India’s DST, and will bring together a team of architects, engineers, digital scientists, urban planners and behavioural researchers to assess all aspects of the residential energy use problem, including performance of the building fabric; in-home appliances including heating, ventilation and air conditioning; indoor environment and occupant behaviour.

RESIDE will undertake surveys and monitoring of energy consumption in 2000 homes across the five different climatic zones in India, in order to build up a new, open access database for policy and practitioner communities in India and other countries in the Asia-Pacific region.

Professor Gupta continues: “In 10% of these homes, we will also trial and evaluate a Smart Home Energy Management System to enable householders to have greater control over their comfort and energy consumption.”

These activities will be used to develop low-cost monitoring and post-occupancy evaluation protocols to build a framework by which consistent data can be collected and added to the RESIDE database.

Read the full article here.

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